Although snoring indicates some degree of airflow obstruction, snoring can also be heard in the presence of central SLEEP apnea. Therefore, children with sleep apnea may remain hopeful that the condition will be treated successfully and definitively. You may have difficulty concentrating and falling asleep at work, while watching TV, or even while driving. Effect of topical corticosteroids on allergic airway inflammation and disease severity in obstructive sleep apnea.
Weight loss can have a positive effect on this risk, especially if sleeping on your back can be avoided. However, snoring may not be as prominent with central sleep apnea as it is with obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles in the back of the throat become too relaxed to allow normal breathing. Treatments for central sleep apnea may include treating existing conditions, using a device to aid breathing, or using supplemental oxygen.
Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles that support the soft tissues of the throat, such as the tongue and soft palate, temporarily relax. Central sleep apnea occurs because the brain does not send the right signals to the muscles that control breathing. Many people with obstructive sleep apnea develop high blood pressure (hypertension), which can increase the risk of heart disease. Excessive daytime sleepiness may be caused by other disorders, such as not allowing time to get enough sleep at night (chronic sleep deprivation), sudden sleep attacks (narcolepsy), or obstructive sleep apnea.
Central sleep apnea can be caused by a number of conditions that affect the ability of the brain stem, which connects the brain to the spinal cord and controls many functions, such as heart rate and breathing, to control breathing. In addition, women who pass the age of menopause during which the protective effect of progesterone and estrogen is lost may also experience a gradual worsening of sleep apnea with aging, although they have a lower risk of developing the condition than men in general. People with obstructive sleep apnea have been found to be at greater risk of developing a severe form of COVID-19 and needing hospital treatment than those without obstructive sleep apnea.